Composition of Dandelion: herbaceous perennial plant of the daisy family. With a height of 10-30 centimeters. Nabiforme root and basal rosette of leaves. Polymorphic leaves with jagged edges. The flowers come together in the extreme end of a hairy scape, are yellow and the fruits are achenes.
Location: All over the countryside, in the paths of the roads, on the lawn.Collection: We collected roots (March), stems (March-April), leaves (May-September) and flowers (April-May). The roots must be washed a lot, cut lengthwise and dried. The stalks are picked before it blooms the plant. The leaves and flowers in spring.
Properties of dandelion: Although all parts of the plant are bitter substances (taraxicina and insulin), is at the root where more concentration of these listed, and contain taraxisterol and homotaraxisterol (action beneficial to the liver and gallbladder). Exerting a diuretic because of its potassium salt content. Fresh leaves are rich in vitamin C, consumed in a salad (be careful in areas where fertilizers are used).
The flowers have carotenoids. Years ago it was recommended to arthritis sufferers and people with liver or kidney dysfunction, and also for eye problems. It is currently used frequently in herbal medicine.
image source: http://ernycool.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/dandelion_sun.jpg